Pedro Almeida

Assistant Professor with Agregação. Group Leader of High Pressure Plasmas Group of Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear.

Pedro Almeida earned the title of Agregação (similar to Habilitation in other countries) in Physics in 2023 and a PhD in Physics in 2011, both by Universidade da Madeira. His current research interests include theory and modelling of corona and streamer discharges, of self-organized patterns of spots on electrodes of glow discharges, kinetic theory of plasma, and stability of low-current discharges and breakdown phenomena in both compressed gases and vacuum. He has served as director of IPFN Research Node in Universidade da Madeira between 2017 and 2019 and is a member of IPFN Administration Board. He is a member of the Scientific Council and Secretary of the Assembly of Faculdade de Ciências Exactas e da Engenharia.

Pedro Almeida published 20 papers in important international scientific journals (with peer review) in the field of Low-temperature Plasma Physics and several dozens of contributions to the main international conferences of the same field. He has participated in 8 nationally-funded research projects as a team member or core CV, 1 industry-funded research projects as work package leader, a research networks funded by the European Union, and a large-scale project funded by the European Regional Development Fund as a Principal Researcher.
Pedro Almeida is referee for several international scientific journals; as examples, Plasma Sources Science and Technology, Physics of Plasmas, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science.

Participation in Research Projects
With National funding:
– Theory and modelling of plasma-cathode interaction in high-pressure arc discharges. 2000-2004. Funding: FCT, project No. 32411/1999.
– Modes of current transfer to cathodes of high-pressure arc discharges and their stability. 2005-2009. Funding: FCT, project POCI(PPCDT)/FIS/60526/2004.
– Cathode spots in high-pressure DC gas discharges: self-organization phenomena. 2009-2012. Funding: FCT, project PTDC/FIS/68609/2006.
– Modelling, understanding, and controlling self-organization phenomena in plasma-electrode interaction in gas discharges: from first principles to applications. 2013-2015. Funding: FCT, project PTDC/FIS-PLA/2708/2012.
– Pest-OE/UID/FIS/50010/2013. Funding: FCT. Duration: 2014-01-01 – 2018-12-31.
– UID/FIS/50010/2019. Funding: FCT. Duration: 2019-01-01 – 2021-12-31.

With industrial funding:
– Modelling of high-voltage breakdown. 01.07.2015 – 31.12.2018. Funding: Siemens Corporate Research, Germany. Work Package Leader.

Research networks funded by the European Union:
– Efficient lighting for the XXI century. 2001-2006. Funding: programme COST (European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research) of the European Union, action 529, Technical Committee Materials.

Funded by the European Regional Development Fund
– PlasMa: advanced theory and simulation of plasmas relevant to energy applications. Duration: 2019-2021. Project code: M1420-01-0145-FEDER-000016. Principal researcher.

Journal publications
20 – M S Benilov, P G C Almeida, N G Ferreira, R M S Almeida and G V Naidis, A practical guide to modeling low-current quasi-stationary gas discharges: Eigenvalue, stationary, and time-dependent solvers, J. Appl. Phys., vol. 130, no. 12, pp. 121101, 2021.
19 – N G C Ferreira, P G C Almeida, M S Benilov, V Panarin, V Skakun, V Tarasenko, and G V  Naidis, ‘Computational and experimental study of time-averaged characteristics of positive and negative DC corona discharges in point-plane gaps in atmospheric air’, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 2020, https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9247494/;
18 – P G C Almeida, R M S Almeida, N G C Ferreira, G V Naidis and M S Benilov, ‘Simple computation of self-sustainment voltage of gas discharges’, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., 2020, https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6595/abbf91;
17 –  N G C Ferreira, P G C Almeida, M S Benilov and G V Naidis, ‘Comment on “Electric field measurements under DC corona discharges in ambient air by electric field induced second harmonic generation” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 115, 244101 (2019)]”, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 117, no. 2, pp. 026101, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0007572;
16 – M D Cunha, N Wenzel, P G C Almeida, W Hartmann and M S Benilov, ‘A simple model of distribution of current over cathodes of vacuum circuit breakers’, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 3462-3469, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1109/TPS.2019.2927794;
15 – N G C Ferreira, D F N Santos, P G C Almeida, G V Naidis and M S Benilov, ‘Simulation of pre-breakdown discharges in high-pressure air. I: The model and its application to corona inception’, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 52, no. 35, pp. 355206, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab2849;
14 – M S Bieniek, P G C Almeida and M S Benilov, ‘Self-consistent modeling of self-organized patterns of spots on anodes of DC glow discharges’, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 05LT03, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6595/aac0e9;
13 – M S Bieniek, D F N Santos, P G C Almeida and M S Benilov, ‘Bifurcations in the theory of current transfer to cathodes of DC discharges and observations of transitions between different modes’, Phys. Plasmas, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 042307, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5024383;
12 – P G C Almeida, M S Benilov, M D Cunha and J G L Gomes, ‘Computing Different Modes on Cathodes of DC Glow and High-Pressure Arc Discharges: Time-Dependent Versus Stationary Solvers’, Plasma Processes Polym., vol. 14, no. 4-5, pp. 1600122, 2017, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppap.201600122;
11 – M S Bieniek, P G C Almeida and M S Benilov, ‘Modelling cathode spots in glow discharges in the cathode boundary layer geometry’, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 49, no. 10, pp. 105201, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/49/10/105201;
10 – W Zhu, P Niraula, P G C Almeida, M S Benilov and D F N Santos, ‘Self-organization in dc glow microdischarges in krypton: modelling and experiments’, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 054012, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1088/0963-0252/23/5/054012;
9 – P G C Almeida and M S Benilov, ‘Multiple solutions in the theory of direct current glow discharges: Effect of plasma chemistry and nonlocality, different plasma-producing gases, and 3D modelling’, Phys. Plasmas, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 101613, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4826184;
8 – P G C Almeida, M S Benilov, M D Cunha and J G L Gomes, ‘Quenching thermal instability in the body of a thermionic arc cathode’, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 012002, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1088/0963-0252/22/1/012002;
7 – P G C Almeida, M S Benilov and M J Faria, ‘Three-dimensional modeling of self-organization in DC glow microdischarges’, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 2190-2191, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1109/TPS.2011.2148129;
6 – P G C Almeida, M S Benilov and M J Faria, ‘Study of stability of dc glow discharges with the use of COMSOL Multiphysics software’, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 44, no. 41, pp. 415203, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/44/41/415203;
5 – P G C Almeida, M S Benilov and M J Faria, ‘Multiple solutions in the theory of dc glow discharges’, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 025019 (13pp), 2010, https://doi.org/10.1088/0963-0252/19/2/025019;
4 – P G C Almeida, M S Benilov, M D Cunha and M J Faria, ‘Analysing bifurcations encountered in numerical modelling of current transfer to cathodes of dc glow and arc discharges’, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 42, no. 19, pp. 194010 (21pp), 2009, https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/42/19/194010;
3 – P G C Almeida, M S Benilov and M D Cunha, ‘Transient spots on cathodes of high-pressure arc discharges’, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 1032-1033, 2008, https://doi.org/10.1109/TPS.2008.927099;  
2 – P G C Almeida, M S Benilov and M D Cunha, ‘Formation of stationary and transient spots on thermionic cathodes and its prevention’, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 41, no. 14, pp. 144004 (9pp), 2008, https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/41/14/144004;
1 – P G C Almeida, M S Benilov and G V Naidis, ‘Calculation of ion mobilities by means of the two-temperature displaced-distribution theory’, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 35, no. 13, pp. 1577-1584, 2002, https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/35/13/321;

Education
June 1997
– finished high-school in Liceu de Jaime Moniz, Funchal;
June 2001 – obtained the BSc degree in Physics from the University of Madeira;
March 2006 – successfully concluded Provas de Aptidão Pedagógica e Capacidade Científica (similar to MSc) in Physics at the University of Madeira. His thesis focuses on kinetic theory of ionized gases and the calculation of ion mobilities;
July 2011 – obtained the PhD in Physics from the University of Madeira. His thesis focuses on investigation of different modes of current transfer to cathodes of glow and arc discharges;
January 2023 – obtained the title of Doutor Agregado in Physics from the University of Madeira.

Professional track
September 2000 – Scientific Initiation Fellowship;
October 2001 – Invited Teaching Assistant;
August 2002 – tenure-track probationary Teaching Assistant;
March 2006 – Teaching Assistant;
July 2011 – Assistant Professor;
January 2023 – Assistant Professor with Agregação.

Email: pedroja at staff.uma.pt
Tel.: +351 291 705251